Bone loss in the jaw is common when one or more teeth have been lost because of tooth decay, trauma to the mouth, or periodontal disease. Once the tooth is lost, bone loss immediately starts. When there is no tooth structure to stimulate the jaw bone, the bone around the missing teeth can start to deteriorate. Over time, the jaw bone can deteriorate to the point where there is not enough bone in place to support dental implants. In this case, Dr. Huamán or Dr. Flores may recommend a bone grafting procedure prior to placing dental implants.
Bone grafting involves replacing or augmenting missing bone around the teeth and in any areas where a tooth has been lost. The three types of bone graft procedures, include: autogenous, allograft, and xenograft.
Autogenous grafts involve taking bone from one area of the patient’s body and transplanting it to the location of the mouth that needs to be restored. The bone may be taken from areas such as the chin. Since the bone comes from the patient, it is considered to be "live".
Allografts are performed using cadaver bone that comes from a bone bank. The material is screened for safety to ensure optimal results.
Xenografts involve placing bone that comes from a nonhuman source such as cow, or bovine. These are typically performed when a significant amount of bone is needed for dental implants.
Loss of jaw bone may not only effect the way in which your teeth function, but also your appearance. Bone loss may lead to changes in your bone structure and facial contour. Bone augmentation or bone grafting procedures may be recommended to replace the bone which has been lost. These procedures help to restore your facial appearance and provide support for dental implants.
For more information about having a dental bone graft or to find out if you are a good candidate for dental implants, set up your consultation with Dr. Huamán and Dr. Flores today!